By Mortimer J. Adler, Robert M. Hutchins
Gateway to the nice Books is a 10-volume sequence of books initially released by means of Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. in 1963 and edited through Mortimer Adler and Robert Maynard Hutchins. The set used to be designed as an creation to the nice Books of the Western international, released through an analogous association and editors in 1952. The set incorporated choices - brief tales, performs, essays, letters, and extracts from longer works - through multiple hundred authors. the decisions have been in general shorter and in many ways easier than the full-length books integrated within the nice Books.
Volume 1: creation; Syntopical Guide
* A letter to the reader
* Syntopical guide
o A plan of graded reading
o instructed novels
o urged anthologies of poetry
Volume 2: ingenious Literature I
* Daniel Defoe, Excerpts from Robinson Crusoe
* Rudyard Kipling, "Mowgli's Brothers" from The Jungle Book
* Victor Hugo, "The conflict with the Cannon" from Ninety-Three
* man de Maupassant, "Two Friends"
* Ernest Hemingway, "The Killers" from males with out Women
* Sir Walter Scott, "The Drovers" from Chronicles of the Canongate
* Joseph Conrad, "Youth"
* Voltaire, Micromegas
* Oscar Wilde, "The satisfied Prince" from The chuffed Prince and different Tales
* Edgar Allan Poe, "The Tell-Tale Heart", "The Masque of the pink Death"
* Robert Louis Stevenson, The unusual Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
* Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens), the fellow That Corrupted Hadleyburg
* Charles Dickens, "A complete and devoted document of the Memorable Trial of Bardell opposed to Pickwick" from The Pickwick Papers
* Nikolai Gogol, "The Overcoat"
* Samuel Butler, "Customs and evaluations of the Erewhonians" from Erewhon
* Sherwood Anderson, "I'm a Fool"
* nameless, Aucassin and Nicolette
Volume three: imaginitive Literature II
* Stephen Crane, "The Open Boat"
* Herman Melville, "Billy Budd"
* Ivan Bunin, "The Gentleman from San Francisco"
* Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Rappaccini's Daughter"
* George Eliot, "The Lifted Veil"
* Lucius Apuleius, "Cupid and Psyche" from The Golden Ass
* Ivan Turgenev, "First Love"
* Fyodor Dostoevsky, "White Nights"
* John Galsworthy, "The Apple-Tree"
* Gustave Flaubert, "The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller"
* F. Scott Fitzgerald, "The Diamond as monstrous because the Ritz"
* Honoré de Balzac, "A ardour within the Desert"
* Anton Chekhov, "The Darling"
* Isaac Singer, "The Spinoza of marketplace Street"
* Alexander Pushkin, "The Queen of Spades"
* D. H. Lawrence, "The Rocking-Horse Winner"
* Henry James, "The Pupil"
* Thomas Mann, "Mario and the Magician"
* Isak Dinesen, "Sorrow-Acre"
* Leo Tolstoy, "The demise of Ivan Ilyitch", "The 3 Hermits", "What males reside By"
Volume four: inventive Literature III
* Molière, The Misanthrope, The healthcare professional regardless of Himself
* Richard Sheridan, the college for Scandal
* Henrik Ibsen, An Enemy of the People
* Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard
* George Bernard Shaw, the guy of Destiny
* John Synge, Riders to the Sea
* Eugene O'Neill, The Emperor Jones
Volume five: serious Essays
* Virginia Woolf, "How should still One learn a Book?"
* Matthew Arnold, "The learn of Poetry", "Sweetness and Light"
* Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, "What Is a Classic?", "Montaigne"
* Francis Bacon, "Of Beauty", "Of Discourse", "Of Studies"
* David Hume, "Of the normal of Taste"
* Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Style", "On a few sorts of Literature", "On the Comparative position of curiosity and wonder in Works of Art"
* Friedrich Schiller, "On uncomplicated and mawkish Poetry"
* Percy Bysshe Shelley, "A Defence of Poetry"
* Walt Whitman, Preface to Leaves of Grass
* William Hazlitt, "My First Acquaintance with Poets", "On Swift", "Of folks One would want to Have Seen"
* Charles Lamb, "My First Play", "Dream childrens, a Reverie", "Sanity of real Genius"
* Samuel Johnson, Preface to Shakespeare
* Thomas de Quincey, Literature of data and Literature of Power", "On the Knocking on the Gate in Macbeth"
* T. S. Eliot, "Dante", "Tradition and the person Talent"
Volume 6: guy and Society I
* John Stuart Mill, "Childhood and Youth" from Autobiography
* Mark Twain, "Learning the River" from existence at the Mississippi
* Jean de l. a. Bruyere, "Characters" from A publication of Characters
* Thomas Carlyle, 'The Hero as King" from On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History
* Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Thoreau"
* Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Sketch of Abraham Lincoln"
* Walt Whitman, "Death of Abraham Lincoln"
* Virginia Woolf, "The paintings of Biography"
* Xenophon, "The March to the Sea" from The Persian day trip, "The personality of Socrates" from Memorabilia
* William H. Prescott, "The Land of Montezuma" from The Conquest of Mexico
* Haniel lengthy, "The strength inside Us"
* Pliny the more youthful, "The Eruption of Vesuvius"
* Tacitus, "The lifetime of Gnaeus Julius Agricola"
* Francois Guizot, "Civilization" from heritage of Civilization in Europe
* Henry Adams, "The usa in 1800" from heritage of the USA of America
* John Bagnell Bury, "Herodotus" from the traditional Greek Historians
* Lucian, "The approach to Write History"
* nice Documents
o The English invoice of Rights
o statement of the Rights of guy and of the Citizen
o The Virginia announcement of Rights
o The announcement of Independence
o constitution of the United Nations
o common assertion of Human Rights
* Thomas Paine, "A name to Patriots - December 23, 1776"
* George Washington, "Circular Letter to the Governors of all of the States on Disbanding the Army", "The Farewell Address"
* Thomas Jefferson, "The Virginia Constitution" from Notes on Virginia, "First Inaugural Address", "Biographical Sketches"
* Benjamin Franklin, "A thought for selling important wisdom one of the British Plantations in America", "Proposals when it comes to the schooling of sweet sixteen in Pennsylvania"
* Jean de Crevecoeur, "The Making of Americans" from Letters from an American Farmer
* Alexis de Tocqueville, "Observations on American existence and Government" from Democracy in America
* Henry David Thoreau,"Civil Disobedience", "A Plea for Captain John Brown"
* Abraham Lincoln, "Address at Cooper Institute", "First Inaugural Address", "Letter to Horace Greeley", "Meditation at the Divine Will", "The Gettysburg Address", "Second Inaugural Address", "Last Public Address"
Volume 7: guy and Society II
* Francis Bacon, "Of adolescence and Age", "Of mom and dad and Children", "Of Marriage and unmarried Life", "Of nice Place", "Of Seditions and Troubles", "Of customized and Education", "Of fans and Friends", "Of Usury", "Of Riches"
* Jonathan speedy, "Resolutions whilst I end up Old", "An Essay on sleek Education", "A Meditation upon a Broomstick", "A Modest idea for fighting the kids of eire from Being a Burden to Their mom and dad or Country"
* David Hume, "Of Refinement within the Arts", "Of Money", "Of the stability of Trade", "Of Taxes", "Of the research of History"
* Plutarch, "Of Bashfulness"
* Robert Louis Stevenson, "The Lantern-Bearers" from around the Plains
* John Ruskin, "An Idealist's Arraignment of the Age" from 4 Clavigera
* William James, "On a definite Blindness in Human Beings", "The Energies of Men", "Great males and Their Environment"
* Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Education"
* Michael Faraday, "Observations on psychological Education"
* Edmund Burke, "Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol"
* John Calhoun, "The Concurrent Majority"
* Thomas Babington Macaulay, "Machiavelli"
* Voltaire, "English males and Ideas" from Letters at the English
* Dante, "On international Government" from De Monarchia
* Jean Jacques Rousseau, "A Lasting Peace in the course of the Federation of Europe"
* Immanuel Kant, "Perpetual Peace"
* Karl von Clausewitz, "What Is War?" from On War
* Thomas Robert Malthus, "The precept of Population" from inhabitants: the 1st Essay
Volume eight: average Science
* Francis Bacon, "The Sphinx"
* John Tyndall, "Michael Faraday" from Faraday as a Discoverer
* Eve Curie, "The Discovery of Radium" from Madame Curie
* Charles Darwin, "Autobiography"
* Jean Henri Fabre, "A Laboratory of the Open Fields", "The Sacred Beetle"
* Loren Eiseley, "On Time"
* Rachel Carson, "The Sunless Sea" from the ocean round Us
* J. B. S. Haldane, "On Being the correct Size" from attainable Worlds
* Thomas Henry Huxley, "On the family of guy to the decrease Animals", "On a section of Chalk"
* Francis Galton, "The type of Human Ability" from Hereditary Genius
* Claude Bernard, "Experimental issues universal to residing issues and Inorganic Bodies"
* Ivan Pavlov, "Scientific learn of the So-called Psychical techniques within the greater Animals"
* Friedrich Wohler, "On the factitious creation of Urea"
* Charles Lyell, "Geological Evolution" from the rules of Geology
* Galileo, "The Starry Messenger"
* Tommaso Campanella, "Arguments for and opposed to Galileo" from The security of Galileo
* Michael Faraday, The Chemical historical past of a Candle
* Dmitri Mendeleev, "The Genesis of a legislation of Nature" from The Periodic legislations of the Chemical Elements
* Hermann von Helmholtz, "On the Conservation of Force"
* Albert Einstein and Leopold Infeld, "The upward thrust and Decline of Classical Physics" from The Evolution of Physics
* Arthur Eddington, "The Running-Down of the Universe" from Nature and the actual World
* James denims, "Beginnings and Endings" from The Universe round Us
* Kees Boeke, "Cosmic View"
Volume nine: Mathematics
* Lancelot Hogben, "Mathematics, the reflect of Civilization" from arithmetic for the Million
* Andrew Russell Forsyth, "Mathematics, in existence and Thought"
* Alfred North Whitehead, "On Mathematical Method", "On the character of a Calculus"
* Bertrand Russell, "The examine of Mathematics", "Mathematics and the Metaphysicians", "Definition of Number"
* Edward Kasner and James R. Newman, "New Names for Old", "Beyond the Googol"
* Tobias Dantzig, "Fingerprints", "The Empty Column"
* Leonhard Euler, "The Seven Bridges of Konigsberg"
* Norman Robert Campbell, "Measurement", "Numerical legislation and using arithmetic in Science"
* William Clifford, "The Postulates of the technology of Space" from the common-sense of the precise Sciences
* Henri Poincaré, "Space", "Mathematical Creation", "Chance"
* Pierre Simon de Laplace, "Probability" from A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities
* Charles Sanders Peirce, "The purple and the Black"
Volume 10: Philosophical Essays
* John Erskine, "The ethical legal responsibility to Be Intelligent"
* William Clifford, "The Ethics of Belief"
* William James, "The Will to Believe", "The Sentiment of Rationality"
* John Dewey, "The technique of Thought" from How We Think
* Epicurus, "Letter to Herodotus", "Letter to Menoeceus"
* Epictetus, The Enchiridion
* Walter Pater, "The paintings of Life" from The Renaissance
* Plutarch, "Contentment"
* Cicero, "On Friendship", "On previous Age"
* Francis Bacon, "Of Truth", "Of Death", "Of Adversity", "Of Love", "Of Friendship", "Of Anger"
* George Santayana, "Lucretius", "Goethe's Faust"
* Henry Adams, "St. Thomas Aquinas" from Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres
* Voltaire, "The Philosophy of universal Sense"
* John Stuart Mill, "Nature"
* Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Nature", "Self-Reliance", "Montaigne; or, the Skeptic"
* William Hazlitt, "On the sensation of Immortality in Youth"
* Thomas Browne, "Immortality" from Urn-Burial
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But where the adventurer increases our own stature vicariously, the comic victim (even while we are laughing at him) reduces it. “This, too,” we say again, “is a mere man, like me,” and thus Marcus Aurelius, in The Meditations (GBWW, Vol. ” It enables one (says Melville in Moby Dick, in GBWW, Vol. 48), to take “this whole universe for a vast practical joke . . ” But it has a much higher aim, according to Schiller (On Simple and Sentimental Poetry, Vol. ” This certainly sounds as if comedy has a purpose beyond mere entertainment, though perhaps we should consider these the effects of comedy rather than its aim.
Of the three views, the cyclical is, in modern times, least often taken. Tacitus (as might be expected of an ancient historian) sees no great change in things; he tells us how the Romans led the conquered Britons “step by step . . to things which dispose to vice . . All this in their ignorance they called civilization, when it was but a part of their servitude” (The Life of Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Vol. 6). But Guizot, in nineteenthcentury France, is convinced that “all the great developments of the internal man have turned to the profit of society; all the great developments of the social state to the profit of individual man” (“Civilization,” Vol.
This is the hard question to which Henry David Thoreau addresses himself in his powerful essay, Civil Disobedience (Vol. 6). Thoreau refused to pay his taxes because a portion of them supported the Mexican War and slavery in the United States. He was sent to prison and released when his friend Emerson (whose essay on Thoreau we read in Vol. 6), paid his taxes for him. Thoreau, seeing the one individual at the mercy of the majority, asks if democracy as we know it is “the last improvement possible in government?