By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu bargains an leading edge heritage of archaeology through the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all parts of the area. the improvement of archaeology is positioned in the framework of up to date political occasions, with a specific concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines a variety of concerns, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the examine of antiquities right into a occupation, public reminiscence, alterations in archaeological notion and perform, and the impact on archaeology of racism, faith, the assumption in growth, hegemony, and resistance.
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Extra info for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past
Yet, some Greek and Egyptian material—mummies and ushabti Wgures among other objects—started to reach private collections such as that of the Danish physician Ole Worm, later bought for the Danish royal collection (Gundestrup 1990: 48). This was one of many, and was comparable to the older collections gathered in the courts of Munich, Vienna (Kaufmann 1994), Dresden and Madrid (Mora´n Turina & Rodrı´guez Ruiz 2001). From Europe to America In his search for a new route towards the Indies, Columbus’ arrival on the island of Hispaniola in 1492 was most probably not the Wrst landing of white Antiquities and Political Prestige 39 men in America.
The archaeology of the ‘primitive’6 in colonial lands is assessed in Chapter 10. Chapter 8 compares British India with French Indochina, Dutch Indonesia, and independent Siam (today’s Thailand). The very diVerent stories of each of the regions show the wide diversity in the ways antiquities may be used in a colonial context. In all areas there would be expeditions, societies, museums, and legislation, but the rate at which they appeared and the speciWc forms they took varied from one place to another.
This way of reasoning, whose success some have placed in the context of the time—the student revolutions of the 1960s (Bourdieu 2004: 17)—was followed by many in archaeology. In this book changes in the way archaeologists interpreted archaeology will not be denied, but none of these transformations will be described as a scientiWc revolution. On the contrary, it will be argued that new paradigms—to use a concept popularized by Kuhn—such as culture history in early twentieth-century archaeology can only be understood as the logical continuation of previous developments (evolutionism in the case of culture history).