By Robert L. Green
This memoir relates formerly untold tales approximately significant Civil Rights campaigns that helped placed an finish to balloting rights violations and Jim Crow schooling; explains how eco-friendly has helped city tuition districts enhance educational success degrees; and explains why this historical past may still tell our offerings as we strive to reform and enhance American schooling. Green’s quest begun while he helped the Kennedy management get to the bottom of a catastrophic education-related deadlock and has persevered via his provider as one of many members at an Obama management summit on a present educational crisis.
it truly is typically acknowledged that schooling is the hot Civil Rights battlefield. Green’s memoir, At the Crossroads of worry and Freedom: The struggle for Social and academic Justice, helps us remember that academic fairness has continually been a primary target of the Civil Rights movement.
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Additional info for At the Crossroads of Fear and Freedom: The Fight for Social and Educational Justice
What we have found, and it has been said here today—is when you empower children . . when you show them love and also have the high expectations, you begin to change the culture of the environment in which they fĳind themselves. . Why do I still have hope? I go back to 1963. I go back to sitting in that jail. I remember Dr. King coming to that place . . where people wanted to get out of jail. ” I was stunned and astounded. Immediately, memories of the period that Hrabowski referenced flooded back to me.
Many of them had been intimidated when they had made their views on injustices known previously. The repercussions were often fĳinancial. Adult “agitators” would suddenly have loans for tractors, seeds, fertilizer, or other bank fĳinancing cancelled. If that didn’t work, there was always the threat of arrest on bogus charges. Some of the more elderly residents could also recall more brutal means of coercion. I did not share the fears of the adults. After all, I was not a local who was subject to fĳinancial intimidation, and I also knew that those who might engage in violent acts of repression were now reluctant to do so because the national media—particularly the New York Times and Washington Post—were closely covering the situation.
King to be careful because FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover, who had carved a fĳiefdom based on secret surveillance and blackmail, was spying on him and other Civil Rights activists. However, it should be noted that it was the president’s brother, Robert Kennedy, who authorized FBI spying on Dr. King, his associate Bayard Rustin, and the other Civil Rights leaders. At times, I sensed I was being watched by strangers who were not local residents. However, those occasions were rare. Eventually, I realized that most of the FBI “eyes” were paid local informants—both white and black.